A Kennel cough in dogs is also known as infectious canine tracheobronchitis.
Cause Of A Kennel Cough In Dogs
A complex package of bacteria (particularly Bordetella bronchiseptica) and viruses Which may vary in content at each outbreak, so making it possible for susceptible dogs to have kennel cough more than once during the boarding season, or to have kennel cough every year.
Transmission Of A Kennel Cough
While this disease is mainly transmitted from dog to dog where a number of animals are gathered under one roof, eg at a dog show or in boarding kennels, it is possible for the singly owned pet to suffer from kennel cough too. Dogs become infected by breathing in infected airborne particles.
The infective agents are carried in the air in a manner similar to the way human colds or influenza are spread. Peak time for infection is the summer, when dogs which do not normally mix with others are gathered in boarding kennels.
Major signs Of Kennel Cough
The most important sign is a protracted harsh cough which sounds as though the dog has a bone stuck in its throat.
Affected adult dogs usually remain relatively cheerful and continue eating. In puppies, however, the disease may be complicated by a secondary pneumonia which can cause death.
Action After Kennel Cough Infection
Consult the veterinary surgeon, but do not take the dog into the waiting room, or allow it to approach other dogs. Cancel attendance at any gathering of dogs (shows, training classes) for 6 weeks.
Prevention From Kennel Cough
Keep your dog away from any dog which is heard to be coughing during the summer season do not believe the common excuses of ’He has just been pulling on the lead’ or ‘just ate some grass’, etc.
A vaccine, which is put straight into the nasal passage where the disease enters, protects against infection with the bacterium Bordetella bronchiseptica which is considered to be the major cause of kennel cough.
Protection will last for about 6-9 months. In relation to this disease, primary and booster vaccination against canine distemper and adenovirus infection is most important.
In some situations veterinary surgeons may advise the use of a combined vaccine that not only stimulates immunity to those infections but also gives some protection against infection with canine para influenza virus, one of the viruses which is involved in causing kennel cough.
Consult your veterinary surgeon about the use of vaccine, particularly if the dog is going into boarding kennels or to dog shows, and especially if you are also planning a litter during the summer.
Remember immunity takes some time to become established so consult your veterinary surgeon at least 2-3 weeks before you are due to go on holiday.
- While this disease is trying and can be long lasting, A Kennel cough in dogs is seldom life-threatening except possibly in the case of very young puppies.
- Even after the cough seems to be cured, it may be reactivated by excessive exam?! or stress.
- Problems arise because dogs may be infectious to others before they show signs and after they have apparently recovered. Chronic carrier dogs may also exist.